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Puye Cliff Dwellings

The Puye Cliff Dwellings are the ruins of an abandoned pueblo, located in Santa Clara Canyon on Santa Clara Pueblo land near Española, New Mexico.  The site was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1966.

The dwellings were carved out soft of volcanic tuff on an approximately 200 foot (61 m) cliff ridge.  The rock itself is relatively soft and can be excavated using wooden tools.

Native peoples first settled in the area in the late 10th century living in dispersed farmstead dwellings at the east side of the Jemez Mountains.

Puye Facts:

  • Up to 1500 pueblo Indians lived in the area between 900 and 1580
  • Largest complex includes two levels of cliff-dwellings and cave dwellings
  • One level of the cliff dwellings is over one mile long
  • Edgar Hewitt excavated Puye Cliffs in 1907

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See more on Puye Cliff Dwellings with Wikipedia

Puye Cliff Dwellings. (2016, October 9). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 19:13, October 9, 2016, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Puye_Cliff_Dwellings&oldid=743458473

Ghost Ranch Retreat and Educational Center

Thank you Leslie Cohen for organizing this field trip to Ghost Ranch Retreat & Educational Center.

Five of the world’s top paleontology scientists were also visiting the Hayden Quarry that day representing:

  • Field Museum in Chicago
  • University of Iowa
  • Peabody Institute
  • University of Utah
  • American Museum of Natural History in New York

The Hayden Quarry on Ghost Ranch is considered the most important paleontology site in the world.

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See more about the Ghost Ranch at www.ghostranch.org/

Chaco Canyon

This amazing ten-mile canyon was a major centre of ancestral Pueblo culture between 850 and 1250.  Located in the Northwest corner of New Mexico, Chaco Canyon was a focus for ceremonials, trade and political activity for the prehistoric Four Corners area.

Chaco Facts:

  • Contains the most sweeping collection of ancient ruins north of Mexico
  • Preserves one of the most important pre-Columbian cultural and historical areas in the United States
  • Chacoan building may have been aligned to capture the solar and lunar cycles, requiring generations of astronomical observations and centuries of skillfully coordinated construction
  • Sites are considered sacred ancestral homelands by the Hopi and Pueblo people

This park is on the Trails of the Ancients Byway, one of the designated New Mexico Scenic Byways.

Explore Chaco through guided tours, hiking and biking trails, campfire talks, and night sky programs with the National Park Service.  www.nps.gov

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See more on Chaco Culture National Historic Park with Wikipedia

Wikipedia contributors, ‘Chaco Culture National Historical Park’, Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 2 June 2016, 18:30 UTC, <https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chaco_Culture_National_Historical_Park&oldid=723381288&gt; [accessed 2 June 2016]

Mesa Prieta Petroglyphs

Mesa Prieta, meaning ‘dark mesa’, is a thirty-six square mile mesa extending twelve miles in a northeasterly direction.  Over 100,000 examples of rock images are estimated to exist on the mesa in addition to other archaeological features!

The east side is closely adjacent to the Rio Grande; the western side has large habitable and agricultural areas between the base of the mesa and the nearest drainage.

Ancestral Puebloan peoples were said to develop a style that is now known as Puebloan the Rio Grande Style.  Most Pueblo IV glyphs are believed by archaeologists to be related to some form of ritual or ceremony.

Mesa Prieta Facts

  • The largest numbers of petroglyphs on the site are from the Pueblo IV period, roughly 1300 A.D. to 1600 A.D.
  • Human figures carved into the stone appear as dancers, shamans, hunters, flute players, women giving birth and warrior.
  • Recent research has identified numerous sun calendars and solar markers among the rock images.

Adventures in Anthropology field trip to Mesa Prieta

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See more on Mesa Prieta HERE

Content on this page from: http://www.mesaprietapetroglyphs.org/

Petroglyph National Monument

Adventures in Anthropology joined Petroglyph National Monument October 22, 2016 for an informative free guided tour.

Petroglyph National Monument protects one of the largest petroglyph sites in North America, featuring designs and symbols carved onto volcanic rocks by Native Americans and Spanish settlers 400 to 700 years ago!  These images are a valuable record of cultural expression and hold profound spiritual significance for contemporary Native Americans and for the descendants of the early Spanish settlers.

Petroglyphs Facts:

  • Developed and undeveloped trails combined contain 500 designs and symbols
  • 3 trails offer a diverse view of the cultural and natural landscape within the monument

Learn more:

Petroglyph National Monument at www.nps.gov/petr/index.htm

See more about Boca Negra Canyon with Wikipedia

See more about Rinconada Canyon with Wikipedia

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Petroglyph National Monument, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Petroglyph_National_Monument&oldid=750379984 (last visited Nov. 19, 2016).